The sport culture may contribute to high levels of work-family conflict and to lower job and life satisfaction as well as higher job turnover. Work-family enrichment may contribute to greater levels of career and organizational commitment, as well as decreased turnover intent. The purpose of this study was to examine how work-family enrichment and work-family conflict simultaneously influence job and life outcomes for mothers and fathers who are coaches. Specifically, this study examined the unique contributions of work-family conflict and enrichment to life satisfaction, organizational commitment, and career commitment. The participants in the study (N = 282) were a random sample of male and female collegiate coaches in a familial relationship in the United States. This web-based survey used multiple regression to analyze six conceptual models with gender, age and the presence of children at home utilized as control variables, and work-family conflict and work-family enrichment (in each direction) as independent variables. Results indicate that collegiate coaches with families are experiencing both work-family conflict and work-family enrichment. The findings highlight the need for future theoretical models to include both work-family conflict and work-family enrichment as both contribute uniquely to career and life outcomes.
Schenewark, Jarrod D. and Dixon, Marlene A.
"A Dual Model of Work-Family Conflict and Enrichment in Collegiate Coaches,"
Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics: Vol. 5, Article 2.
Available at: https://scholarcommons.sc.edu/jiia/vol5/iss1/2