This paper explores two cases of complex relationship between painting an ideology. These two cases will serve to outline the intricate relation between painting and ideology. Besides, they will also make it possible to understand, in a slightly different manner, the visual aspect of the very concept of ideology or worldview and the unique fashion in which this concept may be realized in painting.

Before analyzing these cases, I examine the psychoanalytic conceptualization of ideology in general, and not necessarily in its relation to art, as designated by Freud and Lacan. As I will later show, while psychoanalysis criticizes ideological stances, painting, with its unique attributes, makes it possible to hold two antithetical positions; it fashions a multi-layered relationship with an ideological position, and sometimes is even capable of expressing complexities that language fails to capture.

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