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This paper briefly summarizes the challenge-hindrance model of stress (CHM) through its basis in the transactional theory of stress, and it integrates modern theories of stress found in social psychology and management literature. In doing so, we provide a content map/process model to guide future research that can contribute to the creation of a more effective measure of the secondary appraisals of stressors.

Although psychometric and related statistical concerns regarding extant measures have been noted and discussed in the literature, our hope is that the proposed model may aid in the conceptualization of the nomological network of the stress process that can further aid measurement endeavors.This paper also expands upon the relationship between the Hobfoll (1989) Conservation of Resources Theory (CORT) and the CHM model, an understanding that may aid in the development of a more effective measure of secondary appraisals of stress.

Further, we propose an individual difference to be tested in future research which incorporates threat stressors and their appraisal—an unstudied link in the CHM research suggested by Horan (2020). We incorporate experiential avoidance into the proposed theoretical process model, a previously undiscussed moderator in organizational literature despite heavy empirical evidence in clinical psychological research as this individual difference. These propositions are then used to suggest avenues for future research.