In discussing religion in John Galt's novel about religious and social change in a small West of Scotland town between 1760 and 1820, suggests “Scottish literature” was forged, not in opposition to Calvinist theological ideas, but to the Kirk as a rival national institution, and that Scottish literature became "national," less through self-from the literature of another nation (England), than from another institution with a rival claim to represent the same nation, namely the established Scottish church.
Irvine, Robert P.
"Presbyterianism, 'Scottish Literature,' and John Galt's Annals of the Parish,"
Studies in Scottish Literature:
Available at: https://scholarcommons.sc.edu/ssl/vol45/iss2/4