Edward Frongillo:

Document Type



We tested whether a multisectoral household agricultural and finance intervention increased the dietary intake and improved the nutritional status of HIV-affected children. Two hospitals in rural Kenya were randomly assigned to be either the intervention or the control arm. The intervention comprised a human-powered water pump, microfinance loan for farm commodities, and training in sustainable farming practices and financial management. In each arm, 100 children (0-59 mo of age) were enrolled from households with HIV-infected adults 18-49 y old. Children were assessed beginning in April 2012 and every 3 mo for 1 y for dietary intake and anthropometry. Children in the intervention arm had a larger increase in weight (β: 0.025 kg/mo, = 0.030), overall frequency of food consumption (β: 0.610 times · wk · mo, = 0.048), and intakes of staples (β: 0.222, = 0.024), fruits and vegetables (β: 0.425, = 0.005), meat (β: 0.074, < 0.001), and fat (β: 0.057, = 0.041). Livelihood interventions have potential to improve the nutrition of HIV-affected children. This trial was registered at as NCT01548599.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


© The Author(s) 2020. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact

APA Citation

Butler, L., Bhandari, S., Otieno, P., Weiser, S., Cohen, C., & Frongillo, E. (2020). Agricultural and Finance Intervention Increased Dietary Intake and Weight of Children Living in HIV-Affected Households in Western Kenya. Current Developments In Nutrition, 4(2).