We develop an Eulerian–Lagrangian localized adjoint method (ELLAM)-mixed finite element method (MFEM) solution technique for accurate numerical simulation of coupled systems of partial differential equations (PDEs), which describe complex fluid flow processes in porous media. An ELLAM, which was shown previously to outperform many widely used methods in the context of linear convection-diffusion PDEs, is presented to solve the transport equation for concentration. Since accurate fluid velocities are crucial in numerical simulations, an MFEM is used to solve the pressure equation for the pressure and Darcy velocity. This minimizes the numerical difficulties occurring in standard methods for approximating velocities caused by differentiation of the pressure and then multiplication by rough coefficients. The ELLAM-MFEM solution technique significantly reduces temporal errors, symmetrizes the governing transport equation, eliminates nonphysical oscillation and/or excessive numerical dispersion in many simulators, conserves mass, and treats boundary conditions accurately. Numerical experiments show that the ELLAM-MFEM solution technique simulates miscible displacements of incompressible fluid flows in porous media accurately with fairly coarse spatial grids and very large time steps, which are one or two orders of magnitude larger than the time steps used in many methods. Moreover, the ELLAM-MFEM solution technique can treat large mobility ratios, discontinuous permeabilities and porosities, anisotropic dispersion in tensor form, and point sources and sinks.
Published in Siam Journal on Scientific Computing, Volume 22, Issue 2, 2000, pages 561-581.
©Siam Journal on Scientific Computing 2000, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Wang, H., Liang, D., Ewing, R., Lyons, S., & Qin, G. (2000). An Approximation to Miscible Fluid Flows in Porous Media with Point Sources and Sinks by an Eulerian--Lagrangian Localized Adjoint Method and Mixed Finite Element Methods. SIAM Journal On Scientific Computing, 22(2), 561-581. doi: 10.1137/s1064827598349215