A new triangular mesh adaptivity algorithm for elliptic PDEs that combines a posteriori error estimation with centroidal Voronoi–Delaunay tessellations of domains in two dimensions is proposed and tested. The ability of the first ingredient to detect local regions of large error and the ability of the second ingredient to generate superior unstructured grids result in a mesh adaptivity algorithm that has several very desirable features, including the following. Errors are very well equidistributed over the triangles; at all levels of refinement, the triangles remain very well shaped, even if the grid size at any particular refinement level, when viewed globally, varies by several orders of magnitude; and the convergence rates achieved are the best obtainable using piecewise linear finite elements. This methodology can be easily extended to higher-order finite element approximations or mixed finite element formulations although only the linear approximation is considered in this paper.
Published in Siam Journal on Scientific Computing, Volume 28, Issue 6, 2006, pages 2023-2053.
© Siam Journal on Scientific Computing 2006, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Ju, L., Gunzburger, M., & Zhao, W. (2006). Adaptive Finite Element Methods for Elliptic PDEs Based on Conforming Centroidal Voronoi–Delaunay Triangulations. SIAM Journal On Scientific Computing, 28(6), 2023-2053. doi: 10.1137/050643568