Effective teacher behaviors in higher education and in LIS education programs: a review of the literature

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The literature on effective teaching behaviors among postsecondary instructors in general and among library and information science (LIS) instructors in particular is reviewed. Methodology and results of process-product studies, perception studies of effective college teaching, and teacher immediacy studies investigating low-inference teaching behaviors of college and university instructors are presented and discussed. Three research-based models for the study and improvement of college teaching are described, namely, Lowman's two-dimensional model of effective college teaching, the seven principles for good practice, and a five-step process for improving teaching. Findings from the research on effective teaching in LIS are provided, and the importance of adopting a multidimensional perspective with regard to the complicated construct of teaching is discussed.

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