Author

Chenfei Zhang

Date of Award

Summer 2019

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Department

Mathematics

First Advisor

Lili Ju

Second Advisor

Zhu Wang

Abstract

Many problems in the fields of science and engineering, particularly in materials science and fluid dynamic, involve flows with multiple phases and components. From mathematical modeling point of view, it is a challenge to perform numerical simulations of multiphase flows and study interfaces between phases, due to the topological changes, inherent nonlinearities and complexities of dealing with moving interfaces.

In this work, we investigate numerical solutions of a diffuse interface model with Peng-Robinson equation of state. Based on the invariant energy quadratization approach, we develop first and second order time stepping schemes to solve the liquid-gas diffuse interface problems for both pure substances and their mixtures. The resulting temporal semi-discretizations from both schemes lead to linear systems that are symmetric and positive definite at each time step, therefore they can be numerically solved by many efficient linear solvers. The unconditional energy stabilities in the discrete sense are rigorously proven, and various numerical simulations in two and three dimensional spaces are presented to validate the accuracies and stabilities of the proposed linear schemes.

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Mathematics Commons

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