A water-soluble carbodiimide has been used to end-graft aminated poly (ethylene oxide)(PEO) chemically onto colloidal polystyrene particles. Two particle sizes (115 and 347 nm diameter) and two PEO molecular weights (112 000 and 615 000 g mol–1) were combined to give suspensions with four different ratios of polymer layer thickness to particle radius. Electrophoresis demonstrated that the PEO was grafted, not just adsorbed. Dynamic light scattering showed that the adsorbed and grafted layers had similar structures and that non-ionic surfactant perturbed the PEO configurations. Steady shear and oscillatory rheometry indicated that long-ranged polymeric forces between particles governed the variation of viscosity and storage modulus with applied stress and PS volume fraction. Hard-sphere and effective hard-sphere scaling helps rationalize the rheological behaviour in terms of the variation of the polymeric force among the different suspensions and hydrodynamic deformation of the polymer layers.
Published in Faraday Discussions of the Chemical Society, Volume 90, 1990, pages 77-90.
© Faraday Discussion of the Chemical Society 1990, Royal Society of Chemistry
Ploehn, H. J. & Goodwin, J. W. (1990). Rheology of aqueous suspensions of polystyrene latex stabilized by grafted poly(ethylene oxide). Faraday Discussions of the Chemical Society, 90, 77-90.