Document Type



A mathematical model is presented for a complete lithium–sulfur cell. The model includes various electrochemical and chemical (precipitation) reactions, multicomponent transport phenomena in the electrolyte, and the charge transfer within and between solid and liquid phases. A change in the porosity of the porous cathode and separator due to precipitation reactions is also included in the model. The model is used to explain the physical reasons for the two-stage discharge profiles that are typically obtained for lithium–sulfur cells.


© The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 2008. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS). The archival version of this work was published in

Kumaresan, K., Mikhaylik, Y., & White, R.E. (2008). A Mathematical Model for a Lithium-Sulfur Cell. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 155(8): A576-A582.

Publisher’s Version: