Ni-P alloys were prepared by electrodeposition under different conditions on a rotating disk electrode. A variety of alloys were prepared ranging from Ni-15P to Ni-25P. An indirect reduction of species in solution involving several steps appears to be favored over the direct reduction at the electrode based on the low P content in the alloy. Energy dispersion x-ray microanalysis was used to determine composition of the alloy. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction corroborated the amorphous nature of the structure. The physical and chemical homogeneity of the metallic glasses produced electrochemically is substantiated by the absence of electrochemical localized attack. Thus, a passivation mechanism is proposed which explains the formation of a broad range passive film in alkaline medium and also explains the narrow range of the passive film in acid and neutral media.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 1988, pages 2952-2957.
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