Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Chemical Engineering


A mathematical model of a lead-acid cell is presented which includes the modeling of porous electrodes and various physical phenomena in detail. The model is used to study the dynamic behavior of the acid concentration, the porosity of the electrodes, and the state of charge of the cell during discharge, rest, and charge. The dependence of the performance of the cell on electrode thicknesses and operating temperature is also investigated.


© The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 1987. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS). The archival version of this work was published in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society.

DOI: 10.1149/1.2100322