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Subject Area(s)

Chemical Engineering


Effects of partial pressure of carbon dioxide and temperature on oxygen reduction kinetics on a gold electrode in a lithium carbonate melt were examined using electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) and linear sweep voltammetric techniques. The impedance spectra were analyzed by a complex nonlinear least squares method, using the Randles-Ershler equivalent circuit model, to determine the electrode-kinetic and the mass-transfer parameters such as the charge-transfer resistance and the Warburg coefficient. The cyclic voltammetric measurements indicated that the oxygen reduction process in lithium carbonate melt is "reversible" up to 200 mV/s. The product DC0 determined by cyclic voltammetry agreed well with those estimated by the EIS method. The reaction order with respect to carbon dioxide and the activation energy for the exchange current density were determined to be –0.52 and 132 kJ/mol, respectively. Also, the reaction order with respect to carbon dioxide and the activation energy for DC0 were calculated to be –0.8 and 185kJ/mol, respectively.


© The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 1993. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS). The archival version of this work was published in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society.

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DOI: 10.1149/1.2220786