To prepare miscible polyethylene glycol diacrylate/polyvinylidene fluoride (PEGDA/PVdF) blend gel polymer electrolytes, low molecular weight (M = 742) liquid PEGDA oligomer was mixed with PVdF-HFP dissolved in ethylene carbonate/dimethyl carbonate/LiPF6 liquid electrolytes, and then cured under ultraviolet irradiation. Room temperature conductivity of PEGDA/PVdF blend films was found to be comparable to that of PVdF-HFP gel polymer electrolytes, and they were electrochemically stable up to 4.6 V vs. Li/Li+. Scanning electron micrographs revealed that PEGDA/PVdF blend electrolytes have pore size intermediate between dense PEGDA and highly porous PVdF-HFP. It was confirmed by weight change measurement that liquid electrolyte was likely to evaporate through large pores in PVdF-HFP at 80°C, while PEGDA/PVdF blend showed better liquid electrolyte retention ability. This result was in good agreement with more stable interfacial properties of PEGDA/PVdF blend at 80°C in ac impedance analysis. Consequently, both PVdF-HFP and PEGDA/PVdF gel polymer electrolytes delivered similar discharge capacity at room temperature, but PEGDA/PVdF blend gel polymer electrolyte showed much better cycle performance than pure PVdF-HFP at 80°C.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2003, pages A439-A444.
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Publisher's link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.1556592