Nine different sol-gel derived carbon xerogels were prepared with different pore structures by varying the carbonization temperature (in flowing N2) and activation time (in 5% CO2 in N2). For each of these carbon xerogels, mesopore and micropore size distributions and cumulative surface areas were extracted from a density functional theory analysis. Increasing the carbonization temperature caused a decrease in the number of micropores in the 6 Å range but had little effect on the mesopore size distribution and thus mesopore cumulative surface area. Increasing the CO2 activation time caused an increase in the number of both micro- and mesopores where pores in the 6 Å width range eventually became pores in the 12 Å width range. The electrochemical double-layer capacitance (DLC) of the carbon xerogels was found to correlate well with changes in the pore structure, and it was determined that pores less than about 8 Å in width did not contribute to the DLC.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 1999, pages 3639-3643.
© The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 1999. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS). The archival version of this work was published in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society.
Publisher's link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.1392526DOI: 10.1149/1.1392526