In this work, a statistical design and analysis platform was used to develop cobalt oxide based oxidation catalysts prepared via one pot metal salt reduction. An emphasis was placed upon understanding the effects of synthesis conditions, such as heating regimen and Co2+ concentration on the metal salt reduction mechanism, the resultant nanomaterial properties (i.e., size, crystal structure, and crystal faceting), and the catalytic activity in CO oxidation. This was accomplished by carrying out XRD, TEM, and FTIR studies on synthesis intermediates and products. Additionally, high-throughput experimentation was employed to study the performance of Co3O4 oxidation catalysts over a wide range of reaction conditions using a 16-channel fixed bed reactor equipped with a parallel infrared imaging system. Specifically, Co3O4 nanomaterials of varying properties were evaluated for their performance as CO oxidation catalysts. Figure-of-merits including light-off temperatures and activation energies were measured and mapped back to the catalyst properties and synthesis conditions. Statistical analysis methods were used to elucidate significant property-activity relationships as well as the design rules relevant in the synthesis of active catalysts. It was found that the degree of grain boundary consolidation and anisotropic growth in fcc and hcp CoO intermediates significantly influenced the catalytic activity. By utilizing the discovered synthesis-structure-activity relationships, CO oxidation light off temperatures were decreased to <90°C.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Published in Frontiers in Chemistry, Volume 6, 2018, pages 185-.
© 2018 Mingle and Lauterbach. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Mingle K and Lauterbach J (2018) Synthesis-Structure-Activity Relationships in Co3O4 Catalyzed CO Oxidation. Front. Chem. 6:185. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2018.00185