Date of Award

Spring 2023

Degree Type


Director of Thesis

Dr. Matthew Brashears

First Reader

Dr. Andrea Henderson

Second Reader

Dr. Andrea Henderson


A rise in online religious communities and the growth of so-called ‘Old World’ religions are reflected in the internet’s subcultures of Neopaganism, a growing religious movement that has been documented in America since the 1960s. The religions under this umbrella movement vary drastically and include belief systems such as Wicca, Druidry, and deity worship. Belief systems under this movement lack the traditional hierarchy found in structured religion and lack a singular sacred text. As such, believers usually find and support one another not through a physical sacred place of meeting, but through an online community that acts as sacred space. In these autonomous online sub-communities, do such belief systems exist consistently, or do they change to meet the needs of each individual online community? A deep dive into online Lokeans, a Neopagan who worships the deity Loki, through log-linear modeling shows the patterns and differences in this religion across online communities.

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© 2023, Mary Bernstein