Date of Award

Spring 2022

Degree Type



College of Nursing

Director of Thesis

Robin B. Dail PhD, RN, FAAN

Second Reader

Robin Dawson, PhD, RN, CPNP-PC


Kangaroo mother care (KMC), the practice in which mothers hold their infants skin-to-skin against their bare chest, can increase bonding and attachment between mothers and their infants. However, there is not much research on the benefits of KMC within the adolescent or teen mother population (13-19 years old). The purpose of this scoping review was to identify how common KMC is within the teen mother population, determine how KMC varies based on social determinants of health and race/ethnicity within the adolescent mother population, and how KMC impacts adolescent mothers’ maternal attachment and bonding with their infants. PubMed and CINAHL databases were searched. Of the 889 titles were reviewed for eligibility, seven articles were included in the results for this study. There was no explicit data on the prevalence of KMC within this population. Findings reveal that factors such as low socioeconomic status may lead to lower levels of attachment. Few implications were found on race/ethnicity’s impact on KMC and bonding, but individuals of minority race do have lower breastfeeding rates. Overall, further research is needed to understand the true differences between KMC in the adolescent mother population and the non-adolescent mother population.

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