Date of Award

Spring 2021

Degree Type



School of Journalism and Mass Communications

Director of Thesis

Dr. David Moscowitz

Second Reader

Dr. Shannon Bowen


This thesis explores the process and experience of Lithuanian, Irish, and Polish immigrants during the late 1800s and early 1900s, as well as the role of media, specifically newspapers and books, in creating the representation and portrayal of these immigrant groups. These different ethnic groups left Europe for a variety of reasons, mainly economic and political, and sought a better life in the United States. Upon arrival, each group struggled with the Americanization process, learning English, building connections, and forming a new society. Although some immigrant groups formed stronger networks and communities upon arrival, each group faced poverty and discrimination. The media was used to not only showcase anti-immigrant sentiments and public opinion about immigration restrictions but also by these immigrant groups themselves to build a more positive public image and grow support for their own causes.

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