Alison Saum

Date of Award


Degree Type



Exercise Science

Director of Thesis

Dr. Rhea A. Merck

Second Reader

Madeline Jazz Harvey


Mindfulness is the self-regulation of attention toward conscious awareness of bodily sensations and perceptions (Howell & Marich, 2015). As opposed to other forms of attention training, mindfulness focuses on a non-judgmental monitoring of stimuli and experiences which adopts a curious, open, and accepting attitude (Creswell, Denson, & Schofield, 2015). Mindfulness practitioners develop an ongoing awareness of changes in their internal experiences of sensations, thoughts, and feelings, as well as awareness of external experiences (Daubenmier, Dunn, Farb, Gard, Kerr, Klein, Mehling, Paulus, & Price, 2015). Traditionally, mindfulness involves quietly sitting and observing various experiences without judging or attempting to change the experience itself. However, any activity, whether or not the practitioner is sitting still, that permits a systematic regulation of attention and energy that influences and potentially affects perception of an experience can be classified as mindfulness (Howell & Marich, 2015). Mindfulness activities include yoga, somatic practices, dance, Tai Chi, and other practices that enhance awareness of the body (Howell & Marich, 2015).

First Page


Last Page