Jack Dowling

Date of Award


Degree Type



Biological Sciences

Director of Thesis

Dr. Joel Wooten

Second Reader

Dr. Amanda Fairchild


Leaders of business organizations have always strived to find the most efficient method of organizing and conducting their business. New strategies are constantly being developed and adapted to new situations. The business of Sport is no different. Over the past century, the sport industry in America has experienced an explosive level of growth, with the largest major sport leagues (NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL) earning multibillion dollar revenues in recent years.[1-4] In addition to these “Big Four,” there are numerous minor-league and semi-professional sport leagues. Each of these leagues must operate in a way to consider geographic, economic, and other important factors, and have developed business models based on the unique considerations of their respective sports. In 2012, then in 2013, organizers of a relatively new sport, ultimate, decided to organize professional leagues and had to consider these factors. The purpose of this paper is to compare the two leagues, and determine which operates a more efficient organizational structure.

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