Date of Award
Environmental Health Sciences
Director of Thesis
David Kneas, Professor
Jennifer Pournelle, Professor
In December 2010, a cabinet meeting between the Indonesian President and REDD+
agency led to the realization that spatial data does not match between government agencies. The
comparison of two forestry maps catalyzed the publication of Presidential Decree No. 4/2011,
better known as the One Map Policy. This policy is aimed at standardizing and unifying spatial
data across the Indonesian archipelago, creating a base map for all agencies to use, and making
spatial data free and readily accessible for Indonesian citizens. The One Map Policy is a direct
move to centralize national power and give the state more control over its borders, and by extension
its citizens. The push for transparency in the mapping process is a promising move by the
government officials and opens up opportunities for local communities to submit their own land
claims. The problem is that many communities do not have the capacity to map their own land and
must rely on nongovernmental organizations, who in turn are limited by their donations. This work
delves into how the historical and current ‘mess’ of spatial planning policies affects Indonesia’s
social order. With the current implementation of the One Map Policy, government officials have
the upper hand on spatial planning and many communities are left without access to mapping tools.
Indonesia has a turbulent history with spatial planning and a single, centralizing policy is unlikely
to solve land use conflicts over the long-term and future administrations have the potential to
withdraw their promises for transparency, continuing the pattern of ‘messy’ policies.
Bretz, Kaitlyn Justine, "Indonesia's One Map Policy: A Critical Look at the Social Implications of a 'Mess'" (2017). Senior Theses. 134.