The Wallace Reservoir is a Georgia Power Company generating facility currently being constructed 12 miles northwest of Sparta, Georgia. When completed (late in 1978), the Wallace Reservoir will flood 18,000 acres along the Oconee and Apalachee Rivers and their tributaries. An additional 3,000 acres of shoreline will be adversely affected by the presence of the reservoir.
Prior to 1974, three archaeological surveys were conducted in the Wallace Reservoir and its environs. In 1971, the Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia, conducted a 10 week survey of the project area with funding from the Georgia Power Company. During the summer of 1973, the Department of Anthropology conducted a survey of Greene, Hancock, Morgan and Putnam Counties with funding by the Georgia Historical Commission. One year later this survey was resumed with Department of Anthropology funds. In both county surveys, site reconnaissance was conducted within the project area.
In October, 1974, a 9 month survey of the Wallace Reservoir was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia, with funding provided by the Georgia Power Company. Field work was conducted between October 15, 1974 and July 10, 1975. Analysis and report preparation have been in progress since July, 1975. The final report of this survey is contained in the following pages.
UGA Laboratory of Archaeology Series, Volume 66, 1976.