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The 2005 edition of Standards and Guidelines has been designed as an advisory framework for archaeological fieldwork and reporting in the state of South Carolina. It offers guidance to project archaeologists, administrators, and other interested parties who prepare reports and case studies like those initiated or conditioned by Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966, as amended. While this edition of Standards and Guidelines focuses on archaeological concerns, readers should note that Section 106 of the NHPA also requires the consideration of buildings, districts, structures, and objects. While this manual therefore provides an overview of the legislation and processes by which all historic properties are considered, the specifics of investigating and documenting buildings, districts, structures, and objects can be found in the Survey Manual for the South Carolina Statewide Survey of Historic Places (available from the South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office [SHPO]).

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