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Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a recognized cause of morbidity and mortality in cirrhotic patients. Enterobacteriaceae have been isolated from the majority of peritonitis cases and the gram negative aerobe Escherichia coli is the most commonly isolated organism. Anaerobic organisms are rarely isolated because of the high oxygen tension in ascetic fluid. We report a patient with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis who developed SBP and concurrent bacteremia with the anaerobe Clostridium tertium. The patient was successfully treated with intravenous antibiotics and was discharged home on oral ciprofloxacin. This case report is unique in that it is the fourth documented Clostridium tertium SBP case, utilized MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for organism identification, and susceptibility testing for select antibiotics was performed.

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© 2017 American Federation for Medical Research

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APA Citation

Sutton, S. S., Jumper, M., Shah, A., & Edun, B. (2017). Clostridium tertium peritonitis and Concurrent Bacteremia in a Patient with a History of alcoholic Cirrhosis. Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports, 5(3).