Compliance and Development: The Dual Objectives of Use-of-Force Review
The use-of-force is among the most controversial and corrosive aspects of policing. Use-of-force investigations are a critical component of building and maintaining public trust and police-community relations. Meaningful review requires agencies to assess use-of-force incidents with two distinct objectives in mind: accountability and enhancement. Accountability is focused on determining, after the fact, whether agency employees did what they were supposed to do in the manner in which they were supposed to do it. Enhancement, in contrast, is about improving the delivery of police services, learning lessons, and implementing changes that can potentially reduce the use-of-force in future incidents. This chapter explains why use-of-force review is so important, defines the dual objectives of review, and offers a detailed summary of the questions that a thorough review process should strive to answer.
Seth Stoughton, Compliance and Development: The Dual Objectives of Use-of-Force Review, in RETHINKING AND REFORMING AMERICAN POLICING: LEADERSHIP CHALLENGES AND FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES, Joseph A. Shafer & Richard W. Myers, eds., Palgrave Macmillan Cham, (2022).