Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Public Health


BACKGROUND: The Emergency Medicaid program offers restricted Medicaid benefits for people who meet the same financial eligibility criteria as Traditional Medicaid recipients but do not meet the citizenship requirements for enrollment in Traditional Medicaid. By federal law, Emergency Medicaid covers care for life-threatening emergencies or a hospital admission for childbirth. No prenatal or postpartum care is covered. Most of the women enrolled in Emergency Medicaid are Latina. OBJECTIVE: We assessed postpartum visits and receipt of postpartum contraception and compared the outcomes for Emergency (restricted benefit) Medicaid recipients with those of Traditional (full-benefit) Medicaid recipients in Oregon and South Carolina, 2 states with similar-sized immigrant populations. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using linked Medicaid claims and birth certificate data of live births covered by Medicaid (Traditional and Emergency) between January 1, 2010 and September 30, 2017, in Oregon and South Carolina. Our analysis was at the individual level. Primary outcomes were postpartum visit attendance and receipt of postpartum contraception within 2 months. We examined differences in demographic and delivery characteristics by Medicaid type. If women received postpartum contraception, we compared the timing of receipt (immediate postpartum, ≤1 month, 1−2 months, and 2−6 months after delivery) by the type of Medicaid. Among women using contraception, we described the type of contraceptive received at each time point, stratified by Medicaid type. Associations between Medicaid type (Traditional vs Emergency) and postpartum visit attendance and contraception use were assessed using adjusted absolute predicted probabilities from logistic regression models. We ran models for the entire cohort and conducted a subanalysis restricted to only Latina women. RESULTS: Our study included 375,544 live births to 288,234 women, with 12.7% of births among Emergency Medicaid recipients. Women enrolled in Emergency Medicaid tended to be older (age >35 years; 18.1% vs 7.2%; P

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


APA Citation

McConnell, K. J., Skye, M., Kaufman, M., Caughey, A. B., Lopez-DeFede, A., & Darney, B. (2021). Disparities in postpartum contraceptive use among immigrant women with restricted Medicaid benefits. AJOG Global Reports, 2(1), 100030.


© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Included in

Public Health Commons