Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Public Health


Background In the United States, diabetes is a leading cause of adult-onset blindness, kidney failure, and death (1). Efforts to prevent and control diabetes must consider geographic variation in disease prevalence and risk factors such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and low educational attainment (2). Maps are essential to our understanding of geographic differences in population health and disease vulnerability. Comparing geographic patterns of disease and population risk across multiple maps, however, can be cumbersome. Ring mapping is an innovative geovisualization method that permits the display of multiple spatially referenced variables on a single map (3). We used a ring map to depict the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and 5 associated risk factors (living below the federal poverty level, low educational attainment, obesity, no leisure-time physical activity, and current smoking) for adults in all 50 US states and the District of Columbia

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

APA Citation

Lòpez-DeFede, A., & Stewart, J. E. (2019). Diagnosed diabetes prevalence and risk factor rankings, by state, 2014–2016: A ring map visualization. Preventing Chronic Disease, 16, 180470.


Public domain

Included in

Public Health Commons