Date of Award


Document Type

Campus Access Dissertation


Educational Studies


Counselor Education

First Advisor

Donna Gibson


The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to examine the perceptions of professional school counselors, and the comprehensive school counseling programs they implement, through the eyes of classroom teachers in schools that have received designation from the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) for actualizing a Recognized ASCA Model Program (RAMP). Fifteen classroom teachers, five from each level of school setting (elementary, middle, high) participated in an interview process of data collection. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded. The findings from this examination yielded six themes that were significant to the perceptions of professional school counselors using RAMP-designated school counseling programs among the study's participants: teacher support, responsive services, counselor availability, student scheduling, time and student-to-counselor ratio, and unfamiliarity with the RAMP program. Similarities and differences reported by classroom teachers across all levels of K-12 school settings were analyzed. Future implications for professional school counselors and the use of comprehensive school counseling programs were also discussed.


© 2012, Calvin Bryan Vacchio