Date of Award

Fall 2023

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation



First Advisor

Maryah Fram


In an era marked by profound neighborhood transformation, the phenomenon of gentrification emerges as a dominant force. This dissertation undertakes a holistic exploration of gentrification, unraveling its diverse typologies and consequential impacts on health outcomes. Manuscript 1 details the concept of displacement pressure, exploring the multi-faceted experiences of residents in transforming neighborhoods while highlighting psychological and physiological repercussions beyond mere physical relocation. Manuscript 2 leverages the innovative methodology of repeated measures latent profile analysis (RMLPA) to investigate the multiple manifestations of gentrification. Revealing five metropolitan and four nonmetropolitan profiles among gentrified neighborhoods, this analysis interrogates the complexity inherent in both urban and rural gentrification narratives, challenging simplified interpretations. Manuscript 3 explores the health implications of gentrification, spotlighting varied health outcomes, including diabetes, stroke, COPD, and asthma, and emphasizing the profound health disparities arising from different gentrifying contexts. Collectively, this research underscores the interplay of socio-economic transformations, demographic fluxes, and health challenges within the broader frame of gentrification. Implications across the three studies of this dissertation assert that addressing gentrification requires adaptive, multi-dimensional strategies, informed by empirical evidence, and tailored to specific neighborhood dynamics. Serving as a navigational beacon, this research offers invaluable insights for stakeholders – from policymakers and community leaders to health professionals and academicians – guiding their journey through the multifaceted terrains of gentrification.


© 2024, Parthenia Louise Luke

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