Date of Award

Fall 2022

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation


Educational Studies

First Advisor

Linda Silvernail


Recognizing that many students were disengaged in my grade-level biology class, this study sought to improve student engagement as a result of the implementation of CRE-enriched instruction and to describe themes associated with CRE and engagement. This qualitative action research study used a survey, exit tickets, and observations to discover emergent themes as a result of implementing CRE-enriched lessons. This action research study used member checking and disconfirming evidence to increase rigor and transferability. The results were that the use of CRE-enriched lessons increased the engagement of grade-level students in biology, and that engagement requires a two-pronged approach – cultural appeal to students and culturally appropriate support from the teachers.


© 2022, Robyn Brooke Biery