Grace Shepard

Date of Award

Fall 2021

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation


School of Music

First Advisor

Phillip Bush


The goal of this investigation is to focus on the career and times of Adele aus der Ohe and piano performance in the Gilded Age United States. Carnegie Hall, founded in 1891, was one of the first major halls that witnessed and documented solo piano recital programming. Through analysis of Adele aus der Ohe’s programs intended for Carnegie Hall, it is possible to understand some of the complexities surrounding the solo recital, piano performance, and audience culture at the turn of the 20th century.

Focus on Adele aus der Ohe allows further understanding of her legacy and contribution to the field of piano performance. Examining the world of the solo recital through the lens of aus der Ohe also demonstrates the possibilities available and the tenacity required to become a successful pianist during her lifetime. The relationship between cultural listening and piano performance will further add depth to comprehension of its place in relation to society.

Chapter One outlines the research and addresses limitations regarding venue, source material, and highlights important literature that will be relied upon in the study. Chapters Two and Three offer essential historical context and biographical information surrounding piano performance, the solo recital, and important pianists related to the creation of the solo recital. Chapter Four discusses aus der Ohe’s 1895 recital programs. Chapter Five discusses cultures of listening and the last chapter is a conclusion and identifies possible future research.