Date of Award
Open Access Dissertation
Moore School of Business
Jason M. DeBacker
Örgül D. Öztürk
I study decision-making in healthcare choices and competitions. In my analysis, I use both quasi-experimental and experimental methods. In the first chapter, I investigate the effects of C-sections on babies and their mothers. Using administrative data from South Carolina, I exploit the breech position to isolate variation in C-sections that is uncorrelated with the ex-ante health of the infant and mother. I find that a C-section increases the probability of abnormal conditions for babies immediately after birth. However, there are no significant effects on babies’ future health conditions after birth. Mothers who deliver by C-section are more likely to develop complications in puerperium after birth in those marginal cases where the baby randomly stays upside-down. Mothers who deliver by C-section are more likely to develop complications in puerperium after birth, however, there is suggestive evidence that C-sections might be good for post-partum mental health. This research also documents that C-sections increase the length of hospital stays and lead to reductions in future fertility.
In the second chapter, my coauthor and I investigate how individuals behave and interact with each other in contests with entry fees in an experimental laboratory. We find overspending for all entry fees; under - participation for low entry fees; over - participation for medium and high entry fees; and the optimal entry fee for the contest designer. We find that the optimal experimental entry fee is much higher than the theoretical one.
Valencia Lopez, Z. Ç.(2021). Essays in Health and Behavior. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://scholarcommons.sc.edu/etd/6251