Date of Award

2018

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Department

College of Nursing

Sub-Department

Nursing Practice

First Advisor

Ronda Hughes

Abstract

Background: Compassion fatigue is defined as the emotional and physical exhaustion that can affect helping professionals and caregivers over time. Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) are at high-risk for compassion fatigue due to their daily exposure to those who are suffering from a myriad of chronic medical and behavioral illnesses along with repeated workplace stressors. If not addressed early, compassion fatigue can adversely impact a CNA’s wellbeing and quality of resident care. Compassion fatigue is associated with high absenteeism, high turnover, and low retention rates. Despite these challenges, there is no published research on the effects of a workplace compassion fatigue awareness and self-care skills educational program for CNAs caring for veterans in nursing homes.

Purpose: The purpose of this evidence-based quality improvement project was to explore the outcomes of a 90-minute workplace educational program addressing compassion fatigue awareness and the use of self-care skills among CNAs working in a nursing home.

Method: A quasi-experimental design was utilized in a state-run 90-bed veteran’s nursing home. A seven-question demographic survey and Professional Quality of Life Scale (Pro QOL-Version 5) tool was used to measure CNAs’ level of compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary traumatic stress at three intervals: pre-intervention, one-month post-intervention, and three-months post-intervention.

Results: Forty-five CNAs participated in the intervention. One-month postintervention scores indicated the 90-minute intervention was successful in increasing compassion satisfaction, decreasing burnout, and secondary traumatic stress known as compassion fatigue. Three-month post-intervention scores revealed the intervention was successful in sustaining low burnout and compassion fatigue scores. Retention increased among CNAs and the use of supplemental agency staff decreased within the facility.

Conclusions: By bringing awareness to effects of compassion fatigue and selfcare skill strategies in the workplace, CNAs can develop physical and mental resilience to workplace stressors that can ultimately lead to an increase in CNA retention and improved quality of care and resident outcomes.

Implications: CNAs need to be aware of compassion fatigue and self-care skill strategies. If not addressed in the early phases, compassion fatigue can have severe consequences on the quality of care provided to residents and on the financial health of long-term care organizations.

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