Date of Award

2017

Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Sub-Department

College of Arts and Sciences

First Advisor

Andrew B. Greytak

Abstract

This thesis describes the use of polarized fluorescence microscopy to directly probe guest molecule orientation in bis-urea macrocycle crystals. These macrocycles assemble to afford one-dimensional (1D) microchannels ∼9 Å in diameter that have previously been shown to exhibit normal Fickian diffusion and induce selective reactivity among the confined guest molecules. In the present work, we take advantage of the quasi-1D morphology of fiber-like microcrystals with the extended dimension corresponding to the channel axis to measure excitation and emission polarization values for a bithiophene guest. Guest fluorescence is shown to be polarized along the fiber axis with emission polarization values up to 0.729, indicating a high degree of orientational order within the 1D channels. The observed behavior is consistent with calculated results for the guest orientation and electronic transition dipole moment. The results indicate the value of functional fluorescent probes as a measure of guest confinement in low-dimensional environments.

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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