Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Dissertation





First Advisor

Jorge Camacho


This dissertation analyses the origin and evolution of the war narrative that was unleashed between the years 1980 and 2000 in Peru against the terrorist groups Shining Path and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA). My thesis is that the internal war novel is a resulting genre whose precursor was the pro-indigenista novels from the last decades of the 20th Century. Through literary analysis of the texts Los ilegítimos (1980) by Hildebrando Perez Huarancca, Un rincón para los muertos (1986) by Samuel Cavero, Retablo (2004) by Julián Pérez, and Abril rojo (2006) by Santiago Roncagliolo, I maintain that the internal war novel borrows the original concept of the literary indigenist of denouncing the problems of the colonist of the Andes region, this time in the circumstances of the internal war. It is expanded into a theme not only of denouncement, but also proposes possible solutions and reconciliation adding new perspectives on themes, like those included in the works of ex-soldiers and terrorists. I am also interested in the current function of internal war novels as an agent in facilitating the much-anticipated reconciliation between the warring factions. In this way, the internal war novel carries out a double role of being the genre which tells the un-written history of this period, and at the same time attempts to reconcile the warring factions. This is something, that until now, no government or authority has been able to achieve.