Date of Award
Open Access Dissertation
College of Education
Self-concept is one of the most researched constructs in educational psychology (Marsh, Xu, & Martin, 2012). It has been established that there are different domains of self-concept which fall into two main categories, academic and non-academic (Shavelson, Hubner, & Stanton, 1976). Unfortunately, little research has been conducted on the non-academic areas of self-concept and little is known about how social self-concept interrelates with academic self-concept. The focus of this study was to contribute to the research base by investigating the relationship between a facet of nonacademic self-concept, namely peer self-concept, and achievement self-concept among elementary students.
The current research utilized person-oriented methodology to study peer self-concept. A nationally representative sample of students in elementary school (from the NCES ECLS-K database) was followed to examine changes in perceived academic and peer self-concept over the course of two years (from grades three through five). Latent class and latent transition analyses (person-oriented research approaches) were conducted to determine intra-individual changes in academic and peer self-concept over time and how these changes predicted academic performance in grade five.
Results of the latent class analysis revealed that students with positive peer self-concept tended to have positive self-concept in reading, math, and other school subjects. Latent transition analysis showed that most students move to the next higher latent class over time, reflecting improvements in self-concept. The domain of academic self-concept that appeared to vary the most over time was that of math. Implications for school and classroom interventions and areas for further research are discussed.
Snyder, C. J.(2016). The Relationship between Peer-Self Concept and Academic Self-Concept in Elementary Students: A Person-Oriented Perspective. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://scholarcommons.sc.edu/etd/3976