Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis


College of Engineering and Computing

First Advisor

Nicole D. Berge


The purpose of this work was to determine the overall environmental impacts associated with the co-firing hazardous waste by burning in a cement kiln to replace the use of coal in the cement manufacturing process. This environmental assessment was conducted using LCA methodology. Understanding the environmental impacts associated with burning hazardous waste in a cement factory could help shape national environmental policy, regulations and the need for site specific human health risk assessments in the environmental regulatory permitting processes. Accordingly, the primary objective of this study was to evaluate the environmental impacts from the hazardous waste burning for energy recovery in a cement plant compared to a base scenario of burning 100% coal for baseline comparison. This study relied on real-time primary data from a hazardous waste burning cement plant and the functional unit for this LCA is one kilogram of cement.


© 2016, Stephen P. Holt