Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis



First Advisor

E. Gabrielle Kuenzli

Second Advisor

Matt D. Childs


Prior to the 1899 Federal Revolution, Sucre elite used the memory of Chuquisaca independence exploits to justify their rule and imagine a future for the Bolivian nation. These symbols became widespread in the Bolivian public sphere and were the dominant national discourse for the Bolivian nation. However, dissatisfied highland elite began crafting an alternative national project and these two competing Nationalisms clashed and eventually led to the 1899 Federal Revolution. Following the war, the Liberal Party allowed and even supported a continuation of the Sucre based origin story in the Valley regions of Bolivia. This has created ideas of “Sucrense exceptionalism,” the discourse has been used continually to make political demands, and it was one of the underlying causes of the 2008 act of racial violence that took place in Sucre, Bolivia.

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