Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Dissertation


Computer Science and Engineering

First Advisor

Manton M Matthews


The focus of this research is to study and develop techniques to adapt existing NER resources to serve the needs of a broad range of organizations without expert NLP manpower. My methods emphasize usability, robustness and scalability of existing NER systems to ensure maximum functionality to a broad range of organizations. Usability is facilitated by ensuring that the methodologies are compatible with any available open-source NER tagger or data set, thus allowing organizations to choose resources that are easy to deploy and maintain and fit their requirements. One way of making use of available tagged data would be to aggregate a number of different tagged sets in an effort to increase the coverage of the NER system. Though, generally, more tagged data can mean a more robust NER model, extra data also introduces a significant amount of noise and complexity into the model as well. Because adding in additional training data to scale up an NER system presents a number of challenges in terms of scalability, this research aims to address these difficulties and provide a means for multiple available training sets to be aggregated while reducing noise, model complexity and training times.

In an effort to maintain usability, increase robustness and improve scalability, I designed an approach to merge document clustering of the training data with open-source or available NER software packages and tagged data that can be easily acquired and implemented. Here, a tagged training set is clustered into smaller data sets, and models are then trained on these smaller clusters. This is designed not only to reduce noise by creating more focused models, but also to increase scalability and robustness. Document clustering is used extensively in information retrieval, but has never been used in conjunction with NER.