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In recent years, solar thermal energy (STE) has attracted energy researchers because of its higher efficacy compared to the photovoltaic solar cell. STE is one of the forms of solar energy whereby heat is transferred via a secondary medium called heat transfer fluids (HTFs). Therefore, the overall performance of STE depends on the thermophysical properties and thermal performance of the HTFs. Traditional HTFs suffer from low decomposition temperature, high melting point, and higher vapor pressure. To overcome these limitations, researchers have recently begun working on new HTFs for STE. Ionic liquids (ILs) are considered as a potential candidate for the next generation of HTFs because of their enhanced thermophysical properties, such as thermal stability at high temperature, insignificant vapor pressure, and high ionic conductivity. In addition, thermophysical properties and thermal performance of ILs can be further enhanced by dispersing nanoparticles, which is one of the emerging research interests to improve the efficiency of the solar thermal system. This paper summarizes the recent study of ILs-based nanofluids as HTFs. These summaries are divided into two sections (i) thermophysical properties studies, such as density, viscosity, thermal conductivity, and heat capacity, and (ii) thermal performance studies such as natural convection and forced convection. Synthesis of ILs-based nanofluids and thermophysical properties measurement techniques are also discussed. Based on these state-of-the-art summaries, we offer recommendations for potential future research direction for ILs-based nanofluids.

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).

APA Citation

Paul, T. C., Tikadar, A., Mahamud, R., Salman, A. S., Morshed, A. K., & Khan, J. A. (2021). A critical review on the development of ionic liquids-based nanofluids as heat transfer fluids for solar thermal energy. Processes, 9(5), 858.