By applying the Second-Order Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology (2nd-ASAM) to the polyethylene-reflected plutonium (PERP) benchmark, this work presents results for the first- and second-order sensitivities of this benchmark’s leakage response with respect to the spontaneous fission source parameters. The numerical results obtained for these sensitivities indicate that the 1st-order relative sensitivity of the leakage response to the source parameters for the two fissionable isotopes in the benchmark are all positive, signifying that an increase in the source parameters will cause an increase in the total neutron leakage from the PERP sphere. The 1st- and 2nd-order relative sensitivities with respect to the source parameters for 239Pu are very small (10−4 or less). In contradistinction, the 1st-order and several 2nd-order relative sensitivities of the leakage response with respect to the source parameters of 240Pu are large. Large values (e.g., greater than 1.0) are also displayed by several mixed 2nd-order relative sensitivities of the leakage response with respect to parameters involving the source and: (i) the total cross sections; (ii) the average neutrons per fission; and (iii) the isotopic number densities. On the other hand, the values of the mixed 2nd-order relative sensitivities with respect to parameters involving the source and: (iv) the scattering cross sections; and (v) and the fission cross sections are smaller than 1.0. It is also shown that the effects of the 1st- and 2nd-order sensitivities of the PERP benchmark’s leakage response with respect to the benchmark’s source parameters on the moments (expected value, variance and skewness) of the PERP benchmark’s leakage response distribution are negligibly smaller than the corresponding effects (on the response distribution) stemming from uncertainties in the total, fission and scattering cross sections.
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Published in Energies, Volume 13, Issue 6, 2020, pages 1431-.
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Fang, R., & Cacuci, D. G. (2020).Comprehensive Second-Order Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology (2nd-ASAM) Applied to a Subcritical Experimental Reactor Physics Benchmark: IV. Effects of Imprecisely Known Source Parameters. Energies, 13(6), 1431. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061431