The effect of compression on the thermal conductivity of CuGaS2, CuInS2, CuInTe2, and AgInTe2 chalcopyrites (space group I-42d) was studied at 300 K using phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) calculations. The thermal conductivity was evaluated by solving the BTE with harmonic and third-order interatomic force constants. The thermal conductivity of CuGaS2 increases with pressure, which is a common behavior. Striking differences occur for the other three compounds. CuInTe2 and AgInTe2 exhibit a drop in the thermal conductivity upon increasing pressure, which is anomalous. AgInTe2 reaches a very low thermal conductivity of 0.2 W·m−1 ·K −1 at 2.6 GPa, being beneficial for many energy devices, such as thermoelectrics. CuInS2 is an intermediate case. Based on the phonon dispersion data, the phonon frequencies of the acoustic modes for CuInTe2 and AgInTe2 decrease with increasing pressure, thereby driving the anomaly, while there is no significant pressure effect for CuGaS2. This leads to the negative Grüneisen parameter for CuInTe2 and AgInTe2, a decreased phonon relaxation time, and a decreased thermal conductivity. This softening of the acoustic modes upon compression is suggested to be due to a rotational motion of the chalcopyrite building blocks rather than a compressive oscillation. The negative Grüneisen parameters and the anomalous phonon behavior yield a negative thermal expansion coefficient at lower temperatures, based on the Grüneisen vibrational theory.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Published in Materials, Volume 12, Issue 21, 2019, pages 3491-.
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Elalfy, L., Music, D., & Hu, M. (2019). First Principles Investigation of Anomalous Pressure-Dependent Thermal Conductivity of Chalcopyrites. Materials, 12(21), 3491.