Comprehensive Second-Order Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology (2nd-ASAM) Applied to a Subcritical Experimental Reactor Physics Benchmark: II. Effects of Imprecisely Known Microscopic Scattering Cross Sections
This work continues the presentation commenced in Part I of the second-order sensitivity analysis of nuclear data of a polyethylene-reflected plutonium (PERP) benchmark using the Second-Order Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology (2nd-ASAM). This work reports the results of the computations of the first- and second-order sensitivities of this benchmark's computed leakage response with respect to the benchmark's 21,600 parameters underlying the computed group-averaged isotopic scattering cross sections. The numerical results obtained for the 21,600 first-order relative sensitivities indicate that the majority of these were small, the largest having relative values of O (10(-2)). Furthermore, the vast majority of the (21600)(2) second-order sensitivities with respect to the scattering cross sections were much smaller than the corresponding first-order ones. Consequently, this work shows that the effects of variances in the scattering cross sections on the expected value, variance, and skewness of the response distribution were negligible in comparison to the corresponding effects stemming from uncertainties in the total cross sections, which were presented in Part I. On the other hand, it was found that 52 of the 21600 x 180 mixed second-order sensitivities of the leakage response with respect to the scattering and total microscopic cross sections had values that were significantly larger than the unmixed second-order sensitivities of the leakage response with respect to the group-averaged scattering microscopic cross sections. The first- and second-order mixed sensitivities of the PERP benchmark's leakage response with respect to the scattering cross sections and the other benchmark parameters (fission cross sections, average number of neutrons per fission, fission spectrum, isotopic atomic number densities, and source parameters) have also been computed and will be reported in subsequent works.
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Published in Energies, Volume 12, Issue 21, 2019, pages 4114-.
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Fang, D., & Cacuci, R. (2019). Comprehensive Second-Order Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology (2nd-ASAM) Applied to a Subcritical Experimental Reactor Physics Benchmark: II. Effects of Imprecisely Known Microscopic Scattering Cross Sections. Energies, 12(21), 4114.