Excess Propagation Loss Modeling of Semiclosed Obstacles for Intelligent Transportation System

Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Mechanical and Civil Engineering


Unlike solid obstacles, the excess loss of semiclosed obstacles (SCOs) can be considerably overestimated by directly applying existing diffraction models, i.e., multiedge diffraction models. By regarding the propagation situation as a superposition of the cases of the “Open Field” and the “Closed Obstacle,” this paper presents a simple way to model the excess loss of SCOs that widely exists in intelligent transportation systems. By estimating two weight coefficients according to the specific situation, this model structure can be applied to different SCOs. To illustrate our modeling concepts, two typical cut-and-cover tunnels in high-speed railway are studied in detail. Combining this case with our previous implementations for train stations and crossing bridges, a complete set of coefficients for the excess loss of the main SCOs in railway settings is presented. This case study shows that the proposed approach provides an effective and fairly simple way to include various SCOs in the network planning, simulation, and design of communication systems. As our approach has determined the coefficients empirically, the proposed model structure can provide the foundation for future work that aims to streamline the excess loss prediction via estimation of coefficients either analytically or via a reduced set of measurements.