Mechanical Engineering, Physics
Simultaneously achieving drag reduction and capillary evaporation enhancement is highly desired but challenging because of the trade-off between two distinct hydrophobic and hydrophilic wettabilities. Here, we report a strategy to synthesize nanoscale biphilic surfaces to endow exceptional drag reduction through creating a unique slip boundary condition and fast capillary wetting by inducing nanoscopic hydrophilic areas. The biphilic nanoporous surfaces are synthesized by decorating hydrophilic functional groups on hydrophobic pristine multiwalled carbon nanotubes. We demonstrate that the carbon nanotube-enabled biphilic nanoporous surfaces lead to a 63.1% reduction of the friction coefficient, a 61.7% wetting speed improvement, and up to 158.6% enhancement of capillary evaporation heat transfer coefficient. A peak evaporation heat transfer coefficient of 21.2W/(cm2 K) is achieved on the biphilic surfaces in a vertical direction.
Published in Applied Physics Letters, Volume 105, Issue 19, 2014, pages 191611-1-191611-5.
© Applied Physics Letters, 2014, American Institute of Physics
Dai, X., Yang, F., Yang, R., Huang, X., Rigdon, W., Li, X., Li, C. (2014). Biphilic Nanoporous Surfaces Enabled Exceptional Drag Reduction and Capillary Evaporation Enhancement. Applied Physics Letters, 105(19), 191611-1-191611-5.