10% Ni-doped Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-δ with A-site deficiency is prepared to induce in situ precipitation of B-site metals under anode conditions in solid oxide fuel cells. XRD, SEM and TEM results show that a significant amount of nano-sized Ni-Fe alloy metal phase has precipitated out from Sr1.9Fe1.4Ni0.1Mo0.5O6-δ upon reduction at 800◦C in H2. The conductivity of the reduced composite reaches 29 S cm−1 at 800◦C in H2. Furthermore, fuel cell performance of the composite anode Sr1.9Fe1.4Ni0.1Mo0.5O6-δ-SDC is investigated using H2 as fuel and ambient air as oxidant with La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.87Mg0.13O3 electrolyte and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 cathode. The cell peak power density reaches 968 mW cm−2 at 800◦C and the voltage is relatively stable under a constant current load of 0.54 A cm−2. After 5 redox cycles of the anode at 800◦C, the fuel cell performance doesn’t suffer any degradation, indicating good redox stability of Sr1.9Fe1.4Ni0.1Mo0.5O6-δ. Peak power density of 227 mW cm−2 was also obtained when propane is used as fuel. These results indicate that a self-generated metal-ceramic composite can been successfully derived from Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-δ by compositional modifications and Sr1.9Fe1.4Ni0.1Mo0.5O6-δ is a very promising solid oxide fuel cell anode material with enhanced catalytic activity and inherited good redox stability from the parent ceramic material.
Published in Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Volume 151, Issue 3, 2014, pages F805-F810.
©Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2014, The Electrochemical Society.
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Publisher’s Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.061403jes
Xiao, G., Wang, S., Lin, Y., Yang, Z., Han, M., & Chen, F. (1 January 2014). Ni-Doped Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-δ as Anode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 151 (3), F805 – F810. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.061403jes