Document Type



In lithium-ion secondary batteries research, binders have received the least attention, although the electrochemical performance of Li-ion batteries such as specific capacity and cycle life cannot be achieved if the adhesion strengths between electrode particles and between electrode films and current collectors are insufficient to endure charge-discharge cycling. In this paper, the roles of binders in the mechanical integrity of electrodes for lithium-ion batteries were studied by coupled microscratch and digital image correlation (DIC) techniques. A microscratch based composite model was developed to decouple the carbon particle/particle cohesion strength from the electrode-film/copper-current-collector adhesion strength. The dependences of microscratch coefficient of friction and the critical delamination load on the PVDF binder content suggest that the strength of different interfaces is ranked as follows: Cu/PVDF < carbon-particle/PVDF < PVDF/PVDF. The particle/particle cohesion strength increases while electrode-film/current-collector adhesion strength decreases with increasing PVDF binder content (up to 20% of binder). The electrolyte soaking-and-drying process leads to an increase in particle/particle cohesion but a decrease in electrode-film/copper-current-collector adhesion. Finally, the methodology developed here can provide new guidelines for binder selection and electrode design and lay a constitutive foundation for modeling the mechanical properties and performance of the porous electrodes in lithium-ion batteries.