Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM), Pitch control system, Braking Resistor (BR), and Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) have recently been reported as stabilization methods for fixed-speed wind generator systems. although the individual technologies are well documented, a comparative study of these systems has not been reported so far. This paper aims to fill in the gap, and provides a comprehensive analysis of these stabilization methods for fixed-speed wind generator systems. The analysis is performed in terms of transient stability enhancement, controller complexity, and cost. a novel feature of this work is that the transient stability analysis of wind generator system is carried out considering unsuccessful reclosing of circuit breakers. Simulation results demonstrate that the SMES is the most effective means of transient stability enhancement and minimization of both power and voltage fluctuations, but it is the most expensive device. The STATCOM is a cost-effective solution for transient stability enhancement and minimization of voltage fluctuations. The BR is the simplest in structure and a cost-effective solution for transient stability enhancement. The pitch controller is the cheapest one, but its response is much slower than that of other devices.
Published in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Volume 25, 2010, pages 323-331.
© 2010 by IEEE